✔️Trade name – Ambien
✔️Another name – Zolpidem tartrate
✔️Pregnancy category – not prescribed by doctors to pregnant women
✔️Dependency liability – low to moderate
✔️Legal status – schedule IV drug
✔️The onset of action – 1-2 hours
✔️Duration of action – 3 hours
✔️Administration routes – mouth, sublingual (tablet kept under the tongue), through the spray
✔️Excretion – 1. Kidney
Zolpidem/Zopiclone was first approved in the US for medical use in 1992. Zolpidem generic formulation is first available in 2007. Zolpidem is a controlled medicine that belongs to the class of schedule IV drugs. As per the report of 2017 Zolpidem is the 50th most commonly prescribed medicine in the US.
Zolpidem/Zopiclone is used in the short-term treatment of insomnia. Zolpidem is available in two forms immediate-release and extended-release. The immediate-release tablet is used for treating sleeping problems it helps the patient to fall asleep immediately after going to the bed. Extended-release tablet (Ambien CR) function in two-step first step is, its first layer helps the patients to sleep immediately after going to the bed and the second step is, its second layer of the medical help the patients to fall asleep for a longer period.